French I Tutorial 4. Articles & Demonstratives Lyrics

All nouns in French have a gender, either masculine or feminine. For the most part, you must memorize the gender, but there are some endings of words that will help you decide which gender a noun is. Nouns ending in -age and -ment are usually masculine, as are nouns ending with a consonant. Nouns ending in -ure, -sion, -tion, -ence, -ance, -té, and -ette are usually feminine.

Articles and adjectives must agree in number and gender with the nouns they modify. And articles have to be expressed even though they aren't always in English; and you may have to repeat the article in some cases. Demonstratives are like strong definite articles.

Definite Articles (The)
Masculine Feminine Before Vowel Plural
le lit la pomme l'oiseau les gants
the bed the apple the bird the gloves

Indefinite Articles (A, An, Some)
Masculine Feminine Plural
un lit une pomme des gants
a bed an apple some gloves

Demonstrative Adjectives (This, That, These, Those) Masc. Masc, Before Vowel Fem. Plural
ce lit cet oiseau cette pomme ces gants
this/that bed
this/that bird
this/that apple
these/those gloves

If you need to distinguish between this or that and these or those, you can add -ci to the end of the noun for this and these, and -là to the end of the noun for that and those. For example, ce lit-ci is this bed, while ce lit-là is that bed.

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